New Delhi. The news of model and Bollywood actress Poonam Pandey Poonam Pandey’s demise due to cervical cancer has shocked people. Her manager gave this information to the media and told that Poonam was suffering from cervical cancer for some time. Let us tell you that cervical cancer arises when there is a change in the growth of cells associated with the cervical part. Most of the different strains of cervical cancer are associated with an increase in the number of cells in the lower part of the cervix, which is connected to the genitals.
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Individuals are advised to have screening tests and receive a vaccine to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. When cervical cancer is diagnosed, initial treatment usually involves surgery to remove the cancer and further treatment options may include medications to destroy cancer cells, such as chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Nuclear beam therapy, using powerful energy radiation, may sometimes be combined with low-dose chemotherapy.
Government initiative to reduce cervical cancer
The HPV vaccine plays an important role in preventing various types of cancers, such as cervical, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers. Additionally, it acts as a protective shield against certain virus strains associated with female infertility. The government’s recent announcement of providing free cervical cancer vaccines to girls aged 9 to 14 years is an important initiative, coming at a crucial time.
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Cervical cancer, which is the fourth leading cause of death globally, reaffirms the prevalence and importance of measures to prevent it. This step is not only a solution to a worrying global health statistic, but it also reflects a proactive approach by the government to this pandemic, showing its determination to contain the impact of this difficult health challenge. By prioritizing vaccination for young girls, this initiative shows that it is dedicated to reducing the burden of cervical cancer and working towards a healthier future for the nation.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer may not have obvious symptoms for quite some time before it first appears. However, as cancer progresses, individuals may experience signs such as:
1. Sexual bleeding after sex, between periods or post-menopause.
2. Menstruation being abnormally heavy and lasting a long period.
3. Watery, bloody sexual discharge, which is often odorless and with an unpleasant odor.
4. Pelvic pain or discomfort, including pain during sex.
Causes of cervical cancer
Cervical cancer begins when the healthy DNA of cells changes. DNA, which is the instructions for a cell, guides its activities. These changes allow the cells to rapidly increase in number while remaining part of their natural life cycle, leading to excessive cell proliferation. These cells can form what is called a tumor, which has the ability to attack and destroy healthy body tissue. Over time these cells can move and spread to other body areas.
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Major cause of cervical cancer
The leading cause of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus transmitted through sexual contact. While for many people the virus never causes problems, it usually goes away on its own. For some people, however, the virus can cause changes in cells that may lead to cancer.
Types of Cervical Cancer
1. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
It originates in thin, sticky cells on the outer part of the cervix, called squamous cells. Most cervical cancer is squamous cell carcinoma.
This type of cervical cancer originates in the columnar gland cells of the cervical canal. Sometimes, cervical cancer may involve both types of cells. Very rarely, cancer can develop in other cervical cells.
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Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
1. Smoking tobacco cigarettes
Smoking tobacco increases the risk of cervical cancer. When a person gets an HPV infection while smoking, the duration of this infection is longer and it never goes away independently. HPV is the main cause of cervical cancer.
2. Multiple sexual relationships
The greater the number of sexual encounters between you and your partner, the more likely you are to get HPV.
3. Initiation of sexual activity
Having sex at an early age may increase your risk of HPV.
4. Other sexually transmitted infections
Other sexually transmitted infections, also known as STIs, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS, can increase the risk of HPV.
5. Weak immune system
If your immune system is weak due to another health condition and you have HPV, you may have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
6. Exposure to abortion prevention medication
If your parents were exposed to a drug called an abortion prevention drug, also known as diethylstilbestrol (DES), your risk of cervical cancer may increase. This drug was used in the 1950s to prevent abortion. It is associated with a type of cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma.
Cervical cancer prevention measures
1. Contact your doctor and be carefully examined to get the HPV vaccine to reduce the risk of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers.
2. Regular Pap tests are important to detect early conditions, so that monitoring or treatment can be done to prevent cervical cancer. Have regular Pap tests from the age of 21 and repeat them at regular intervals.
3. Follow safe sexual practices, such as using condoms regularly and reducing the number of sexual partners, to prevent sex addiction.
4. Avoid smoking, and if you currently smoke, consult a health professional to quit.
5. Eat a nutritious diet like fruits, vegetables, and plants. Tailor your diet to smaller high-calorie foods and lean smoothies.
6.If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation or avoid it altogether. Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of various types of cancer such as breast, colon, lung, kidney, and liver.
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